Glenn Ligon: AMERICA

Solo en Inglès

This audio guide, introduced by Alice Pratt Brown Director Adam D. Weinberg, highlights a diverse range of works from the exhibition Glenn Ligon: AMERICA. Artist Glenn Ligon, exhibition curator Scott Rothkopf, and Thelma Golden, director and chief curator of the Studio Museum in Harlem, provide additional commentary.

NARRATOR: I feel most colored when I am thrown against a sharp white background. Ligon has stenciled the sentence over and over until the words smear and dissolve into abstract patterns. Glenn Ligon:

GLENN LIGON: Oil paint wants to spread out and smudge and smear. And after about six months of trying to make perfect letters, I realized that the smudging and smearing and disappearance of the letters was way more interesting than trying to make a perfect letter form. And so the paintings became about that disappearance of language.

NARRATOR: The text comes from writer Zora Neale Hurston’s 1928 essay “How It Feels to Be Colored Me.” Hurston describes leaving the protective black community of her childhood at age thirteen and suddenly confronting the issue of race. The painting’s illegible words embody her confusion, something Ligon builds on:

GLENN LIGON: I became really fascinated by those sentences that had the word “I” in them—"I feel most colored when I'm thrown against a sharp white background.” The use of the word “I” creates a kind of confusion. Is it the “I” of the text that I'm quoting, or is it “I,” Glenn Ligon, feel most colored?  And so, the confusion between those two things was something I was interested in.

NARRATOR: Ligon’s surface here is actually a door. Its human scale is ideal for a text that speaks in the first person, its hard surface suggests Hurston’s “sharp white background.”

Glenn Ligon (b. 1960), _Untitled (I Feel Most Colored When I Am Thrown Against a Sharp White Background)_, 1990. Oil stick, gesso, and graphite on wood. 80 x 30 in. (203.2 x 76.2 cm). Collection of Eileen Harris Norton © Glenn Ligon; photograph courtesy of Glenn Ligon; photograph by Dennis Cowley